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How to Treat Heatstroke. Heatstroke occurs when the body is unable to cool itself. Knowing first-aid techniques to treat this dangerous condition could save a life. Warning Consult a physician for care and treatment advice if you suspect heatstroke. Step 1: Know heat stroke symptoms Know heatstroke symptoms. Look for a headache, dizziness, confusion, exhaustion, seizure, high body temperature, rapid heart beat, dry skin, and hallucinations. Step 2: Move victim into a cool area Move a heatstroke victim into a cool, shady area or an air-conditioned building. Step 3: Remove clothing Remove the victim's clothing. Apply cool water to their skin or wrap them in damp sheets. Place them in a cool bath if they are conscious and able to cooperate. Tip Accelerate body cooling using a fan to blow cool air across the patient's skin. Step 4: Provide cool drinking water Provide cool drinking water to increase hydration if the victim is able to accept it. Tip Offer sports drinks to replenish both fluids and salt. Step 5: Continue treatment Continue treatment until you verify with a thermometer that the person's temperature is 101.3 to 102.2 Fahrenheit. Step 6: Keep the person in a cool area Keep the person in a cool area and ask them to lie down with their feet elevated. Bed rest combined with re-hydration will get them on the road to recuperation and recovery. Did You Know? Heat waves result in more deaths in the U.S. than hurricanes, tornadoes, floods, lightning, and earthquakes combined.
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