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How to Treat Heatstroke. Heatstroke occurs when the body is unable to cool itself. Knowing first-aid techniques to treat this dangerous condition could save a life.
Consult a physician for care and treatment advice if you suspect heatstroke.
Step 1: Know heat stroke symptoms
Know heatstroke symptoms. Look for a headache, dizziness, confusion, exhaustion, seizure, high body temperature, rapid heart beat, dry skin, and hallucinations.
Step 2: Move victim into a cool area
Move a heatstroke victim into a cool, shady area or an air-conditioned building.
Step 3: Remove clothing
Remove the victim's clothing. Apply cool water to their skin or wrap them in damp sheets. Place them in a cool bath if they are conscious and able to cooperate.
Accelerate body cooling using a fan to blow cool air across the patient's skin.
Step 4: Provide cool drinking water
Provide cool drinking water to increase hydration if the victim is able to accept it.
Offer sports drinks to replenish both fluids and salt.
Step 5: Continue treatment
Continue treatment until you verify with a thermometer that the person's temperature is 101.3 to 102.2 Fahrenheit.
Step 6: Keep the person in a cool area
Keep the person in a cool area and ask them to lie down with their feet elevated. Bed rest combined with re-hydration will get them on the road to recuperation and recovery.
Did You Know?
Heat waves result in more deaths in the U.S. than hurricanes, tornadoes, floods, lightning, and earthquakes combined.